What is P60? Explained: What, Why and How.

What Is P60

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What Is P60?

A P60, officially termed the End of Year Certificate, is a pivotal document issued annually to employees in the United Kingdom. It serves as a comprehensive summary of the income earned and the corresponding tax and National Insurance Contributions (NICs) paid over the tax year, which spans from 6 April to 5 April. What distinguishes the P60 is that individuals receive a distinct certificate for each job they hold during the tax year, providing a detailed breakdown of their financial transactions with each employer.

Why do I need my P60?

The significance of the P60 lies in its role as a tangible proof of an individual’s financial history for the tax year. This documentation is crucial for various scenarios, including reclaiming overpaid tax, applying for tax credits, and furnishing proof of income when seeking financial products like loans or mortgages. Moreover, having your P60 enables you to review and verify the amount of tax you paid in the preceding year, ensuring accuracy in your financial records.

How do I get a P60 and when?

Receiving a P60 is a standard procedure for individuals paid through the PAYE system. Employers are obligated to provide this document by 31 May each year. The UK tax year, oddly running from the 6th of April in one calendar year to the 5th of April in the next, adds a unique historical context. If, by the end of May, you have not received your P60, it is advisable to promptly follow up with your employer to ensure timely access to this critical financial record.

What information is on my P60?

Your P60 is a comprehensive document containing vital details about your identity and financial situation. In addition to your name, it includes your National Insurance number and payroll numbers, ensuring accuracy in identifying your financial transactions. The core of the P60 comprises a detailed breakdown of your PAYE earnings, delineating the specific amounts deducted for Income Tax and National Insurance Contributions during the tax year. Depending on individual circumstances, additional information may encompass details of Statutory Sick Pay, Maternity Pay, and Student Loan repayments.


Read: Employer Payroll and Staff Benefit Guide 2024-25



Why do you need a P60?

Beyond being a mere record, the P60 plays a pivotal role in numerous financial scenarios. It serves as robust evidence of your income and tax payments, facilitating processes such as filing a Self-Assessment tax return, applying for a mortgage, claiming tax rebates, and addressing discrepancies with HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC). The P60, therefore, is a linchpin in ensuring accurate financial representation.

What should you do if your P60 looks incorrect?

If, upon reviewing your P60, you suspect inaccuracies, swift action is essential. Contacting HM Revenue & Customs promptly is crucial to rectify any discrepancies in your financial record. Timely resolution ensures that your reported income and tax contributions align accurately with your financial history.

What’s the difference between a P45 and a P60?

It’s imperative to discern between a P45 and a P60. A P45 is issued upon leaving a job, encapsulating income and tax information up to the point of departure in the tax year. In contrast, a P60 offers a panoramic overview of your entire income and tax situation for the entire tax year. Importantly, a P60 cannot substitute a P45 when commencing a new job. In cases where a P45 is unavailable, employers typically offer alternative forms for new employees to fill out.

Do you get a P60 if you’re self-employed?

P60s are specific to employer-employee relationships; therefore, individuals who are self-employed do not receive a P60. For those venturing into entrepreneurial endeavors, alternative record-keeping mechanisms become imperative for tax-related purposes, emphasizing the necessity of meticulous financial documentation.

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