Difference Between Sole Trader and Limited Company

Difference Between Sole Trader and Limited Company

Choosing the right business structure is a crucial decision for any entrepreneur, affecting everything from taxes and liability to administrative tasks and growth potential. The two most common structures are sole trader and limited company. Describing the difference between sole trader and limited company can help you make an informed decision about which path to take.

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What are the Difference Between Sole Trader and Limited Company?

Legal and Administrative differences between  Sole trader and Limited company

If you opt to be a sole trader, you’re essentially running the business on your own. This setup is the simplest and cheapest to get started, involving minimal paperwork. You have full control over all business decisions, which means you can steer your business exactly how you want. However, this also means you’re personally responsible for any debts or legal issues the business encounters. If things go wrong, your assets, like your home or car, could be at risk.

Starting a limited company involves a bit more complexity. You need to register with Companies House, file annual returns, and keep detailed financial records. In this setup, the business is a different legal entity from its owners (the shareholders). This means your assets are protected; your financial liability is limited to what you’ve invested in the company. This structure can seem more professional and stable to clients and investors, which might help you land bigger contracts and more investment opportunities.


For a sole trader business profits are considered your personal income. You’ll file an annual self-assessment tax return, and your profits will be subject to income tax and National Insurance contributions. While this system is straightforward, it can become less advantageous as your profits grow, potentially pushing you into higher tax brackets.

A limited company pays corporation tax on its profits, which is often lower than the higher rates of personal income tax. You can also draw income as a combination of salary and dividends, which can be more tax-efficient. Dividends are taxed at a lower rate than salary, so this setup can help you reduce your overall tax burden. However, complying with the more complex tax rules for companies can require more accounting expertise and time.


A sole trader’s most substantial risk is unlimited liability. If your business faces financial trouble, creditors can come after your personal assets. This risk can be a major concern if you’re looking to protect your wealth.

In a limited company, the liability of the shareholders is limited to their investment. This means your personal finances are generally safe if the business encounters financial difficulties. This limited liability can make it easier to attract investors and take the necessary risks to grow your business.

Perception and Credibility

While many successful businesses operate as sole traders, this structure might sometimes be perceived as less established or professional compared to a limited company. This perception could affect your chances of securing contracts with larger companies or government entities that prefer dealing with incorporated businesses.

Limited companies often enjoy a higher level of credibility and professionalism. Because they have to file annual financial statements, they offer more transparency, which can build trust with clients, suppliers, and investors. This enhanced reputation can help open doors to more significant business opportunities and partnerships.

Growth and Investment in sole trader and limited company

Raising capital as a sole trader can be more challenging. Banks and investors might see sole proprietorships as a higher risk compared to limited companies. Your growth potential might be limited by your personal capacity and resources, and passing the business on to someone else can be complicated.

Limited companies have greater growth potential. They can issue shares to raise capital which makes it easier to attract investment. Ownership can be transferred by selling shares, which simplifies business continuity and succession planning. This structure is better suited for scaling the business and exploring new markets.


The choice between two of these businesses is not easy. Both of these businesses have different advantages and disadvantages. You should understand the difference between sole trader and limited company first. Then measure different aspects of your business and decide the option you want to opt for.

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